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Working Group on Disappearances
31 August 2022
Issued by Special Procedures
Enforced and involuntary disappearances
The present document, drawing from the inputs received to the call disseminated in November 2021, as well as from the direct experience gathered by the Working Group over the past 30 years in the dissemination and implementation of the Declaration, aims at summarizing the process that led to its adoption, illustrating its contribution to the progress of international law, identifying the main obstacles to its implementation, good practices and lessons learned and offering a set of recommendations directed at States, the United Nations, regional human rights mechanisms, national human rights institutions, civil society organizations and academic institutions.
On 18 December 2022, the Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (hereinafter, “the Declaration”), adopted by General Assembly Resolution 47/133, will turn 30. Since its adoption, the Declaration significantly contributed to the progress of international law on enforced disappearance (eventually culminated in the adoption of the International Convention on the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance), as well as of international practice and domestic legislation and jurisprudence.
The Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances has decided to launch a special initiative to mark the adoption of the Declaration, aiming at taking stock of the progress of international law on the subject, as well as identifying the obstacles encountered in the implementation of the Declaration and the ways in which the Working Group could support States in overcoming them, including through technical assistance and cooperation.
The study will focus on the contribution of the Declaration to the progress of international and domestic law and jurisprudence, the obstacles encountered in its implementation, the relevant lessons learned and good practices.
The Working Group would like to invite member States, as well as all interested individuals and organizations working on issues related to enforced disappearance, including National Human Rights Institutions, intergovernmental organizations, regional human rights mechanisms, representatives of civil society organizations, experts and academics, to provide input for the preparation of the foreseen study. Inputs can be both country-specific or of a general nature and should contain information on the following subjects:
The States who responded to the call for inputs were Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Colombia, Guatemala, Iraq, Luxembourg, Mexico, Poland, Qatar, Ukraine, Uruguay and Uzbekistan.
Written contributions were also received from the following organizations: Amman Center for Human Rights Studies; Assistance Association for Political Prisoners; Centro de Activismo y Desarrollo Democrático para la Región CDDLatam, Red Latinoamericana de Jóvenes por la Democracia - Venezuela; Comité de Víctimas del Estado Carabobo; Collectif des familles de Disparus en Algérie; Comisión de Derechos Humanos de la Ciudad de México; Comisión Mexicana de Defensa y Promoción de los Derechos Humanos; Defence of Human Rights Pakistan; The Freedom Initiative and Committee for Justice; Fundación para la Justicia y el Estado Democrático de Derecho (Guatemala, Honduras and Mexico); Human Rights Foundation of Turkey; International Bar Association’s Human Rights Institute; Lebanese Center for Human Rights; Maat for Peace, Development, and Human Rights; Madres de Plaza de Mayo Línea Fundadora and FEDEFAM; Movimiento Nacional por Nuestros Desaparecidos en México; Peace and Transitional Justice team at Colombia Diversa; Servicios y Asesoría para la Paz; Syrian Legal Development Program; The Commission for the Disappeared and Victims of Violence – KontraS; The Section on Archives and Human Rights of the International Council on Archives; and TRIAL International and Human Rights and Justice Centre-Nepal.
Moreover, the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Mexico submitted a contribution.
Additionally, responses were received from Bournemouth University; Clínica Jurídica Minerva Calderón – Ibero, Puebla and Colectivo Voz de los Desaparecidos en Puebla; Clinique doctorale Aix Global Justice; Fernando Daniel de Lucio Villalobos, and Syrian Initiative to Combat Sexual and Gender-based Violence of the American University Washington College of Law.
For any inquiry, please write to [email protected]
The integral texts of the inputs received within the set deadline and in accessible formats are available, in the languages of submission:
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