Skip to main content

Report – democratic and equitable international order: challenges to international peace and security

Issued by

Special Procedures


Symbol Number




Maintaining international peaceful and security is one of the fundamental purposes of the United Nations, as stipulated in the UN Charter in its article 1. It is also the bedrock of a democratic and equitable international order, which requires the realization of, inter alia, the right of all peoples to peace and the shared responsibility of the nations of the world for addressing threats to international peace and security, that should be exercised multilaterally (Human Rights Council resolution 48/8 and General Assembly resolution 76/165, paragraphs 6(d) and 6(o)).

The current tragic events in Ukraine undermine at the very core the rules-based international order and are yet another reminder that decisive change is needed on several fronts to achieve a democratic and equitable international order.


The Independent Expert intends to look at some of the main obstacles to the maintaining and strengthening of international peace and security at the global level from the perspective of his mandate, and ways to overcome them.

Key questions and types of input/comments sought

The Independent Expert would like to seek the views from Member States, civil society and other stakeholders on the following issues:

  1. What are the main challenges to maintaining and strengthening international peace and security at the global level, for instance in relation to needed structural reforms of United Nations organs, global disarmament, the realization of the right to peace, accountability, etc.?
  2. What solutions do you deem necessary to overcome those challenges?
  3. Is there any particular issue relevant to this topic that you would like to bring to his attention?

How inputs will be used

Unless otherwise requested, all contributions will be uploaded on the mandate’s website: