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call for input | Special Procedures

Current issues and good practices in prison management – Thematic report of the Special Rapporteur on Torture.

Issued by

Special Rapporteur on torture

Last updated

07 June 2024


Submissions now online (See below)

Purpose: Report to be presented to the 55th session of the Human Rights Council

The Special Rapporteur’s fourth report will focus on current issues and good practices in the management of prisons, including pre-trial detention facilities. The report will consider ongoing and emerging challenges in preventing and responding to torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment and hopes to identify concrete solutions to these challenges.


The Special Rapporteur has noted that there is growing pressure on national prison systems, many of which are severely overcrowded, under-resourced and poorly managed. Authorities report struggling to manage facilities safely, humanely and in accordance with international human rights standards. In these circumstances, the risks of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment are elevated, including its most severe form as torture, and opportunities for meaningful rehabilitation are limited.

The Special Rapporteur seeks to identify the best ways in both policy and practice to relieve the pressure on detention authorities and to work collaboratively with different stakeholders to prevent adverse human rights impacts. The Special Rapporteur considers that humane and dignified treatment and a focus on protecting and promoting mental health of prisoners, including through meaningful activities, is vital to assist prisoners’ re-integration into their communities upon release and for the protection of the public.

The forthcoming report will highlight new and emerging areas of concern but will also consider ongoing issues which have seen developments or where authorities would still benefit from further clarification and guidance. Inadequate conditions of detention, high levels of violence, the lack of effective risk and needs assessments for individuals, and problematic discipline and rewards systems, and specifically the (mis)use of solitary confinement, are all elements that have repeatedly come to the attention of the Special Rapporteur.

The Special Rapporteur is interested in hearing about the experiences of particular groups of people and the ways that their specific needs have been – or have failed to be – addressed. She will pay particular attention to women and girls, children and youth, indigenous peoples, members of national, ethnic, religious or linguistic minorities, LGBTQI+ persons, people living with past trauma and/or people with neurodiverse conditions.

The report will be also framed within broader global issues which impact the management of prisons and the security, health and wellbeing of those detained, and which can threaten progress towards fully human rights compliant approaches. These include the threat of future pandemics (learning lessons from Covid-19 responses), and climate-related and other emergency responses. She is also interested in maintaining standards in prisons outsourced to private companies.

Types of input/comments sought

The Special Rapporteur seeks contributions from States, including the responsible government agencies and administrators (for example, justice or prison ministries or departments, correctional services, asylum or immigration authorities).  The Special Rapporteur would particularly welcome contributions from National Preventive Mechanisms or other national or local visiting or inspection bodies, and National Human Rights Institutions.

Recognizing that the prevention of torture and other ill-treatment in places of detention involves all State actors, the Special Rapporteur invites responses, including best practice examples, from parliamentarians, prosecution service, the judiciary, and others involved in decisions of whether and where to detain individuals (e.g. parole boards).

She would also welcome contributions from civil society organisations and academics, including those representing the views and experiences of people directly impacted by detention.

Short on time?

If you have limited time, the Special Rapporteur would still like to hear from you. You may choose to respond on an issue which is most pressing in your country or simply provide a summary of the main issues of concern in your country. She is looking for good practices that address specific issues.

Areas of particular focus

The Special Rapporteur seeks inputs and submissions to inform work on this report. She is interested to receive submissions that provide information on:

  • Major challenges and their causes;
  • Innovation and good practices;
  • Recommendations on how to improve existing prison management.

She is also open to hearing about other issues of pressing concern that are not specifically listed.

Areas of particular focus: 

  1. Measures to reduce overcrowding.
  2. Designing daily life in prisons to be focused on meaningful and productive activities, rehabilitation and reintegration, and achieving good physical and psychological health.
  3. Challenges and innovations for providing mental health provision, including for different groups of prisoners such as those with pre-existing psychological issues, victims of torture, persons with neurodiverse conditions etc.
  4. Measures taken to mitigate the use and impact of solitary confinement and the development of alternative approaches for both disciplinary and non-disciplinary segregation.
  5. Laws, policies, special measures and management innovations adopted for groups with specific needs, such as women and girls, children and youth, indigenous peoples, members of national, ethnic, religious or linguistic minorities, LGBTQI+ persons, and people living with past trauma and/or people with neurodiverse conditions.
  6. Preparing for next pandemic (what worked and what didn’t in COVID-19 responses to prison management? Any negative consequences of those measures?).
  7. Responding to climate-change effects on prisons and prison populations and climate-proofing prison management and conditions of detention.
  8. Maintaining human rights standards in prisons outsourced to private companies.

Inputs Received

Inputs Received

Angola: note verbale | input



El Salvador: note verbale | input



North Macedonia: note verbale | input


South Sudan


Switzerland: input-1 | input-2


Australian Human Rights Commission

Canadian Human Rights Commission: input-1 | input-2 | input-3 | input-4 | input-5

Queensland Human Rights Commission

National mechanism

Argentina National Preventive Mechanism

Australian National Preventive Mechanism

Austrian Ombudsman

Canada Office of the Correctional Investigator

Czech Republic National Preventive Mechanism

Defensor del Pueblo - Mecanismo Nacional de Prevencion

Iceland Ombudsman

Maldives National Preventive Mechanism

Mauritius National Preventive Mechanism

Mecanismo Local de Prevención de la Tortura en la Provincia del Chaco

New Zealand Ombudsman

Poland National Preventive Mechanism

Portugal National Preventive Mechanism

Queensland Family and Child Commission: input-1 | input-2

Romania National Preventive Mechanism

Swedish Ombudsman

UK National Preventive Mechanism

Uruguay Comité de Prevención y Solución de Conflictos.


Advocates for Human Rights, World Coalition Against Death Penalty, Cornell Center on the Death Penalty Worldwide, Kenyan Section of the International Commission of Jurists, Kenya Human Rights Center, OMCT

Asociacion Pensamiento Penal

Associazione Antigone / Physicians for Human Rights Israel


Belgrade Center for Human Rights


Center for Human Rights Nis

Centre for Innovative Justice

Centro de documentación de prisiones cubanas

Centro de Estudios Legales y Sociales

Centro de prevencion, tratamiento y rehabilitacion de las victimas de torture y sus familiares: input-1 | input-2

Centro PRODH

Colombia Women's Association

Committee for Human Rights in North Korea

De Facto Justice

Defense for Children International



European Centre for Democracy and Human Rights

Euskal Herriko Emakume Feministen Lantaldea: input | annex

Feminist Legal Clinic Inc.

Helsinki Citizens Assembly Venadzor

Howard League for Penal Reform

Hungarian Helsinki Committee

Inclusion Canada


Irish Penal Reform Trust

Jubilee Campaign

Justice House

Justice Project Pakistan

Kosova Rehabilitation for Torture Victims

Legal Initiative

Maat for Peace, Development and Human Rights

Mobile Info Team

Observatorio Cubano de Derechos Humanos


Outright International

Penal Reform International

Perfector of Sentiments Foundation

Prison Reform Trust

Prison's Insider

Promo-LEX Association: input-1 | input-2


Reprieve/Kenya Human Rights Commission/

Salam For Democracy and Human Rights

Thailand Institute for Justice

The Crew Against Torture

The Human Rights Implementation Centre at the University of Bristol Law School, the Omega Research Foundation, the African Policing Civilian Oversight Forum, Louise Finer, Michael Addo

The Medical Action Group

The Southern Poverty Law Center

The Uganda National Medical Alliance for Prisoners' Support

United Against Torture Consortium

Victorian Aboriginal Legal Service



Dr. Róisín Mulgrew

Jason Maloney

Juana Inés Acosta-López, Ana María Idárraga Martínez, María Carmelina Londoño-Lázaro, Pilar Zambrano, Ursula Cristina Basset, C. Ignacio de Casas, Gabriela García Escobar, David Armando Urtecho López, Andrés Felipe López

Prof Dr Clara Burbano Herrera, Prof Dr Yves Haeck Mr Germán Parra Gallego, Ms Kate Murphy Ms Charlotte Vercammen, Ms Luna Negro Ms Alberte Verwohlt Hansen

Policy Analysis Collective

Murray Blackburn Mackenzie


Aleksander Bandiukov

Aleksandr Bandiukov: input | annex-1 | annex-2 | annex-3 | annex-4 | annex-5 | annex-6 | annex-7 | annex-8 | Court Judgment

Ambika Satkunanathan


James Clover

Jason Maloney: input-1 | input-2

Jessica Williams

Kate Dolan

Magdalena Grzyb

Monserrat Jacqueline Cámara Santos

Monserrat Jacqueline Cámara Santos, Salvador Leyva Morelos-Zaragoza, Layla Gabriela Almaraz Olivares

Nadine de Bruyen: input-1 | input-2

Richard Mendel