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call for input | Special Procedures

Call for contributions: academic freedom and freedom of expression in educational institutions

Issued by

Special Rapporteur on the right to education

Last updated

01 May 2024


Submissions now online (See below)

Purpose: To inform the Special Rapporteur’s annual thematic report to be presented to the Human Rights Council in June 2024.

For her upcoming report to the Human Rights Council to be presented in June 2024, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to education, Ms. Farida Shaheed, will consider academic freedom and freedom of expression in educational institutions.

The report will build on previous work achieved by other United Nations human rights mechanisms on the topic, particularly the Special Rapporteur in the field of cultural rights, the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, and the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. While recognizing that there is no single, exclusive international human rights framework for the subject, Ms. Shaheed will consider academic freedom through the right to education framework. More precisely, the report intends to consider academic freedom as part of the entitlement to receive and provide quality education, at all levels of education.

The Special Rapporteur intends to take stock of setbacks and progress both under international human rights law and in domestic legislation and practice with respect to defining academic freedom, ensuring its enjoyment by all relevant actors and protecting it from attacks and interferences.


The report will examine existing legal frameworks and normative content of academic freedom as a human right. It will consider subjects and duty bearers of this right. It will also analyze, from a human rights perspective, direct and indirect attacks on and interferences with respect to academic freedom of staff and students, including through commercialization, online surveillance, funding, conditions of work and studies and other pertinent issues.

Key questions and types of input sought

The Special Rapporteur is inviting input from States, United Nations agencies, funds and programmes, national human rights institutions, academics, scientists, educators, as well as civil society organizations.

How inputs will be used

All inputs received will be posted on the OHCHR website. Please indicate if you have any objections regarding to your reply being posted on the OHCHR website.

Inputs Received

Inputs Received







El Salvador: note verbale | input

Germany: note verbale | input

Guatemala: note verbale | input-1 | input-2


Kenya: note verbale | input-1 | input-2 | input-3

Lithuania: note verbale | input


Mexico: note verbale | input





Russian Federation: input-1 | input-2



Uruguay: note verbale | input


Commissioner for Human Rights of Poland


People's Advocate of Albania

Public Defender of Georgia

Slovak Center for Human Rights

UN entities


National mechanism

Public Defender of Rights Czech Republic


Academia SG (Singapore)

ACLU-American Civil Liberties Union: input | annex

Adalah (Israel): input-1 | input-2

AF4WR-Australian Feminists for Women’s Rights

AFTE_Association for Freedom of Thought and Expression (Egypt)

ALLI asbl (Luxembourg)

Alliance of Concerned Teachers (Philippines)

ARC_Association of Reintegration of Crimea: input-1 | input-2

Aula Abierta (The Americas)

BRISMES_British Society for Middle Eastern Studies (United Kingdom)

Canadian Association of University Teachers

CCIU_Civil Council for the Implementation of the ILO/UNESCO Recommendations on Hinomaru Kimigayo (Japan): input | annex

CDBU_The Council for the Defence of British Universities

Centro para la Paz y Derechos Humanos de la Universidad Central de Venezuela

CGIL-Federazione Lavoratori della Conoscenza

Civil society contribution on teachers’ and professors’ freedom of expression in Brazil: input | annex-1 | annex-2

CLASCO_Consejo Latinoamericano de Ciencias Sociales (Argentina)

CLASCO_Consejo Latinoamericano de Ciencias Sociales (Peru)

CLC_Critical Legal Collective (United States)

DM Denmark_Danish Association of Masters and PhDs

EGITIM SEN_Education and Science Workers Union (Turkey)

Fédération québécoise des Professeures et Professeurs d'Université

FENASOPADRES_Federación Nacional de Sociedades de Padres y Representantes (Venezuela)

FNE_Federação Nacional da Educação (Portugal)

Geledés (Brazil)

GERAK_Malaysian Academic Movement

Global School Forum

HRD-Human Rights Defenders (Turkey)

Human Rights Watch

IDDH_Instituto de Desenvolvimento e Direitos Humanos and BCRE_Brazilian Campaign for the Right to Education: input-1 | input-2

IGLYO_International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex Youth and Student Organization

Independent Jewish Voices (Canada)

Independent Jewish Voices Canada

Iniciativa Puentes por los Estudiantes de Nicaragua

Innovative Trans-border Solutions Association (Bulgaria)

International Community of Iranian Academics

IT for Change

Japan Federation of Publishing Workers Unions

Japan Teachers Union

KIKA_Indonesian Caucus for Academic Freedom

LAUT_Centro de Análise da Liberdade e do Autoritarismo (Brazil)

Maat for Peace, Development and Human Rights

MESA_Middle East Studies Association of North America

NAR_Norwegian Association of Researchers

Network in Defense of Historical Truth and Academic Freedom (Philippines)

New Humanity

OAJ_Trade Union of Education in Finland and FUURT_Finnish Union of University Teachers and Researchers: input | annex

ODHULA_Observatorio de Derechos Humanos de la Universidad de Los Andes (Venezuela)

OIDEL: input-1 | input-2

OLA_Observatorio de Libertad Académica (Cuba)

Ordo Iuris Institute for Legal Culture (Poland)

Organization to Support the Lawsuits for Freedom of Education in Tokyo

Oxford Human Rights Hub

Palestine Polytechnic University

Pen America and Pen International

Privacy International: input-1 | input-2

RCDJ_Organization for the Rights of Children with Disabilities (Japan): input | annex

Red Internacional de Derechos Humanos Europa (RIDHE), Aula Abierta, la Coordinadora Universitaria por la Democracia y la Justicia, la Unidad Juvenil y Estudiantil y Acción Universitaria (Nicaragua)

Red Nacional de Derechos Humanos (Peru)

Respect Protect Fulfill (Belarus)

Riverstone Village 192-488NPO (South Africa)

SAES_Syndicat autonome de l'enseignement supérieur (Senegal)

SAGES_Syndicat des AGrégés de l’Enseignement Supérieur (France)

SAIH_Norwegian Students and Academics International Assistance Fund

SAJC_South Asia Justice Campaign

SAR_CAFA_Scholars at Risk and Coalition for Academic Freedom in the Americas (United States)

SAR_Scholars at Risk (China)

SAR_Scholars at Risk_Sweden Section

Seta Project Action Aid (Brazil)

Sphere Foundation (Russian Federation)

SUHF_The Association of Swedish Higher Education Institutions

Swedish Association of University Teachers and Researchers

Swedish National Union of Students

UniKuir_University Queer Research and LGBTI+ Solidarity Association (Turkey): input | annex | annex-1 | annex-2 | annex-3

United States of Kailasa

University of Miami School of Law Human Rights Clinic

WJC_World Jewish Congress: input-1 | input-2 | input-3 | input-4 | input-5 | input-6 | input-7


Andras L. Pap

Antonio D. Salazar Jr. and Audrey Eurielle G. Dayata

Antoon De Baets

Arijit Chowdhury

Dmitry Dubrovskiy and Katarzyna Kaczmarska

Group of scholars working in German academic institutions: input | annex-1 | annex-2

Jan De Groof: input-1 | input-2

Klaus D. Beiter

Kwadwo Appiagyei-Atua

Melissa Hernández González and Mario Zúñiga Núñez

Nicolás Lynch Gamero

Pázmány Péter Catholic University (Hungary)

Terence Karran: input | annex-1 | annex-2 | annex-3 | annex-4

Tim Crowley (Ireland)