Skip to main content

Bar associations: report

Issued by

Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers


05 September 2018

presented to

General Assembly at its 73rd session


Issued by Special Procedures


Administration of justice, Independence of judges and lawyers

Symbol Number



Bar associations play a vital role in the organization and safeguarding of the independence and integrity of the legal profession and its members. The underlying rationale for their creation is the need to provide a platform to allow the legal profession to carry out its legitimate activities without any external interference.


The Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers devoted his second report to the General Assembly to the essential role that bar associations play in a democratic society to enable the free and independent exercise of the legal profession and to ensure access to justice and the protection of human rights, in particular due process and fair trial guarantees. On 17 October 2018, the Special Rapporteur presented his report to the General Assembly.

Statement of the Special Rapporteur at the 73rd session: English | Spanish

Inputs Received
Inputs Received

The Special Rapporteur prepared a questionnaire [English | French | Spanish] in order to elicit information from States, international and regional human rights mechanisms, national human rights institutions, judicial councils and civil society on relevant national experiences on this subject. The following States and non-State actors that provided contributions for the preparation of the report:

Civil society