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Privatization and the human rights to water and sanitation: report

Issued by

Special Rapporteur on the rights to water and sanitation


21 July 2020

presented to

75th session of the GA


Issued by Special Procedures


Water and sanitation

Symbol Number



The Special Rapporteur on the human rights to water and sanitation, Léo Heller, focused his report to the 75th session of the General Assembly on privatization and the human rights to water and sanitation. For the preparation of this report, the Special Rapporteur consulted as many stakeholders as possible:

Timeline of the consultation process

13 September 2019: Expert consultation in Geneva
The Special Rapporteur invited selected experts to discuss risks to human rights arising from private sector participation. See concept note.

18 September – 30 October 2019: Online bilateral consultation
Sign-up for the online bilateral consultation is now closed. See Concept note and guiding questions for the online bilateral consultation. See also work in progress background paper for further information.

17 October 2019: Consultation with private service providers in New York
In cooperation with AquaFed, the International Federation of Private Water Operators, the Special Rapporteur held a half-day consultation with private service providers in New York. For more information, please contact: Mr. Thomas Van Waeyenberge

21 October 2019: Public consultation in New York
Together with Franciscans International, the Special Rapporteur on the human rights to safe drinking water and sanitation held a public consultation on his next thematic report to the General Assembly in 2020 on the privatization and the human rights to water and sanitation. (Flyer)

Inputs Received
Inputs Received

In line with previous practice, the Special Rapporteur sought input from States and non-State actors by distributing a questionnaire in December 2019. All concerned stakeholders were invited to submit their contributions by responding to the questionnaire no later than 31 January 2020. The Special Rapporteur considered late submissions received by 2 March 2020.

Questionnaire to States: English | Français | Español

Questionnaire to civil society organizations: English | Français | Español



* Late submissions received after 2 March 2020