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The history of the Central African Republic has been marked by deep-rooted poverty, ethnic tensions, pervasive political instability, corruption and nepotism that led to a succession of armed conflicts. Successive conflicts have spawned multiple peace processes, but as long as impunity reigns, this terrible trajectory – with each armed group committing appalling acts of violence – may continue.
In documenting the violations and abuses of the past, the Mapping report hopes to galvanize national and international efforts to protect and bring justice to the victims of these crimes. The Government and all domestic actors, with the assistance of the international community, must work together to break the cycle of impunity once and for all.
The May 2015 Bangui Forum had recognized that efforts to address long-standing impunity for perpetrators of serious violations of international humanitarian law and violations and abuses of human rights law, including through transitional justice mechanisms, were key to reconciliation in the Central African Republic. The Mapping report is based on Security Council resolution S/RES/2301 (2016) which mandated MINUSCA to “monitor, help investigate, and report publicly and to the Security Council on violations of international humanitarian law and on violations and abuses of human rights committed throughout the CAR, including undertaking a mapping of such violations and abuses since 2003 to inform efforts to fight impunity”.
The Mapping Project started on 11 May 2016, coinciding with the first official National Remembrance Day for the victims of the conflicts in the Central African Republic (CAR), and was completed in one year.
The Mapping Exercise was tasked with three objectives:
While the report recognizes the challenging security situation in the Central African Republic, it recommends that some steps be taken immediately to initiate transitional justice processes, including the development of a national approach to human rights vetting of security and defence forces.
The report sets out recommendations, which include:
Report of the Seminar
Written Statements by Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights
Launching the Mapping Report
Statement by ASG
* these documents are in PDF format