OHCHR began operating in Somalia in 2008 through the United Nations Political Office for Somalia (UNPOS), focusing on human rights monitoring and capacity-building. As UNPOS’s successor mission, the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia's (UNSOM) Human Rights and Protection Group (HRPG), was established by Security Council Resolution 2102 (2013) of 2 May 2013 and started operating on 3 June 2013.
Somalia also falls under the UN Human Rights Training and Documentation Centre for South-West Asia and the Arab Region established by General Assembly Resolution 60/153 of 2006. The Centre’s main objective is to strengthen the promotion and protection of human rights through technical cooperation, national capacity-building, public information and education, within the region stipulated in the mandate.
The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a unique process which involves a review of the human rights records of all UN Member States. The UPR is a State-driven process, under the auspices of the Human Rights Council, which provides the opportunity for each State to declare what actions they have taken to improve the human rights situations in their countries and to fulfil their human rights obligations.