OPTIONAL PROTOCOL TO THE CONVENTION AGAINST TORTURE (OPCAT)
SUBCOMMITTEE ON PREVENTION OF TORTURE

National Preventive Mechanisms

Compilation of information on NPMs based on State Parties submissions to the SPT

Country
Date of ratification/accession
National Preventive Mechanism (NPM)
Communication from State Parties regarding the designation of the NPM
Designated NPM notified by the State Party to the SPT
Albania01.10.2003 (a) People's Advocate Correspondence
Argentina15.11.2004Comité Nacional para la Prevención de la Tortura y Otros Tratos o Penas Crueles, Inhumanos o Degradantes Correspondence
Armenia14.09.2006 (a) Human Rights Defender of the Republic of Armenia Correspondence
Austria04.12.2012 Austrian Ombudsman Board  Correspondence
Azerbaijan28.01.2009 The Commissioner for Human Rights (Ombudsman) Correspondence
Bolivia23.05.2006Servicio para la Prevención de la Tortura – SEPRET

Correspondence
Annexes: 1-2-3-4

Information contained in the confidential SPT visit report

Brazil12.01.2007Mecanismo Nacional de Prevenção e Combate à Tortura (MNPCT) Correspondence
Bulgaria01.06.2011 Ombudsman of the Republic of Bulgaria Correspondence
Cabo Verde
01.04.2016 Correspondence
1-2
Cambodia30.03.2007 

Correspondence

Costa Rica01.12.2005

Defensoria de los Habitantes

Correspondence
Croatia25.04.2005 Croatian's People Ombudsmen Correspondence
Cyprus29.04.2009 Commissioner of Administration/Ombudsman Correspondence
Czech Republic10.07.2006 Public Defender of Rights Correspondence and Annex I
Denmark (and Greenland) 25.06.2004

The Danish Parliamentary Ombudsman

Greenland's Ombudsperson

Correspondence

Correspondence

Ecuador20.07.2010 Defensoría del Pueblo 
Estonia18.12.2006 Office of the Chancellor of Justice (Ombudsman) Correspondence
Finland08.10.2014 The Parliamentary Ombudsman of Finland Correspondence
France11.11.2008 Contrôleur Général des lieux de privation de liberté Correspondence
Georgia09.08.2005 (a) Office of the Public Defender Correspondence
Germany04.12.2008

The Federal Agency for the Prevention of Torture and the Join Commission of the Lander were designated as NPM

The first one will deal with federal institutions and the second one will deal with Lander authorities

Correspondence

Greece11.02.2014 The Greek Ombudsman Correspondence
Guatemala09.06.2008Mecanismo Nacional de Prevención de la Tortura

Correspondence
Not for public distribution

Correspondence and Annex

Honduras23.05.2006 National Committee for the Prevention of Torture

Correspondence

Information contained in the public SPT visit report

Hungary**12.01.2012 (a) Commissioner for Fundamental Rights Correspondence
Italy25.04.2014 National Guarantor for the rights of persons detained and deprived of their liberty Correspondence
Kazakhstan**22.10.2008Commissioner for Human Rights Correspondence
Kyrgyzstan 29.12.2008 (a) National Center on Prevention of Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment Correspondence
Lebanon22.12.2008 (a)Sous-comité pour la prévention de la Torture Correspondence
Liechtenstein03.11.2006Corrections Commission

Correspondence

Lithuania20.01.2014 (a) Seimas Ombudsmen's Office Correspondence
Luxembourg19.05.2010

Médiateur du Grand Duché de Luxembourg

Correspondence
Maldives15.02.2006 Human Rights Commission Correspondence

Public SPT Report on the first periodic visit to Maldives,
CAT/OP/MDV/1
Mali12.05.2005 Commission nationale des Droits de l'Homme Correspondence
Malta24.09.2003Board of Visitors for Detained Persons and the Board of Visitors of the Prisons

Correspondence

 

Mauritania03.10.2012Mécanisme national de prévention de la torture Correspondence
Mauritius21.06.2005 (a) National Human Rights Commission

Correspondence

Information contained in the confidential SPT visit report

Mexico11.04.2005

Comisión Nacional de los Derechos Humanos

Correspondence

Information contained in the public SPT visit report
Montenegro06.03.2009 Protector of Human Rights and Freedoms, Ombudsman Correspondence
Mozambique 01.07.2014 (a)..
Netherlands28.09.2010Four national inspectorate bodies comprise the Dutch NPM, and are coordinated by the Inspectorate of Security and Justice Correspondence
New Zealand14.03.2007

Human Rights Commission (central NPM)

The Ombudsman's Office

The Children's Commissioner

The Police Complaints Authority

The Judge Advocate General
Correspondence
Nicaragua25.02.2009 Procuraduría para la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos Correspondence
Norway27.06.2013 Parliamentary Ombudsman for Public Administration Correspondence
Paraguay02.12.2005Comisión Nacional de Prevención de la Tortura y otros tratos o penas crueles, inhumanos o degradantes

See CAT/OP/PRY/2/Add.1, para. 6

Correspondence

Peru14.09.2006 (a)  Correspondence
Poland14.09.2005 The Commissioner for Civil Rights Protection (Ombudsman) Correspondence
Portugal15.01.2013

Provedor de Justiça (Ombudsman)

Correspondence
Republic of Moldova24.07.2006 Centre for Human Rights (Ombudsman) in combination with the Consultative Council

Correspondence

Correspondence

Annexes: 1-2

Romania02.07.2009 The People's Advocate Correspondences
1-2
Senegal18.10.2006Observateur national des lieux de privation de liberté Correspondence
Serbia26.09.2006 Protector of Citizens (Ombudsman)Correspondences
1-2
Slovenia23.01.2007 (a) Human Rights Ombudsman Correspondence
Spain04.04.2006 El Defensor del Pueblo Correspondence
Sri Lanka05.12.2017Human Rights Commission
Sweden14.09.2005 Parliamentary Ombudsman and the Chancellor of Justice Correspondence
Switzerland24.09.2009 Commission nationale de prévention de la torture Correspondence
Togo20.07.2010Commission Nationale des Droits de l'Homme  Correspondence 
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia13.02.2009 Ombudsman of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

The non-governmental organizations registered in the State Party and organizations which have acquired the status of humanitarian organizations in the State Party, may perform some of the competences of the NPM, in agreement with, and with prior consent of the Ombudsman.
Correspondence
Tunisia29.06.2011 (a)l'Instance Nationale pour la Prévention de la Torture Correspondence
Turkey27.09.2011National Human Rights Institution of Turkey

Human Rights and Equality Institution of Turkey
Correspondence
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland10.12.2003The UK NPM is comprised of 21 separate bodies, is led by a NPM chair and coordinated by HMIP. The Isle of Man NPM has three members.Correspondences
1-2-3-4
Ukraine19.09.2006Parliament Commissioner for Human Rights Correspondence
Uruguay

08.12.2005

Institución Nacional de Derechos Humanos

Correspondence

No designation of NPM notified by the State Party to the SPT
Afghanistan
17.04.2018  
Australia* **
21.12.2017  
Belize04.09.2015 (a)  
Benin20.09.2006 
Bosnia and Herzegovina24.10.2008  
Burkina Faso07.07.2010  
Burundi18.10.2013 (a)..
Central African Republic11.10.2016 (a)   
Chile12.12.2008 Correspondence
Democratic Republic of the Congo23.09.2010  
Gabon22.09.2010  
Ghana
23.09.2016  
Liberia22.09.2004 (a)  
Madagascar*
21.09.2017  
Mongolia12.02.2015  
Morocco24.11.2014 (a)  
Nauru24.01.2013 (a)  
Niger07.11.2014 (a)  
Nigeria27.07.2009 (a)
 
Panama02.06.2011  
Philippines**
17.04.2012 (a)  
South Sudan30.04.2015 (a)  
State of Palestine*
29.12.2017  
Rwanda30.06.2015..

* One year deadline to maintain, designate or establish NPMs not yet expired - article 17 of the OPCAT 

** Declaration made under article 24 of the OPCAT

10th Anniversary

Country-specific information