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Human rights treaty bodies

What are the human rights treaty bodies?

The human rights treaty bodies are committees of independent experts that monitor implementation of the core international human rights treaties. Each State party to a treaty has an obligation to take steps to ensure that everyone in the State can enjoy the rights set out in the treaty.

Currently, there are nine human rights international treaties, and one optional protocol, from which 10 treaty bodies have been established. The treaty bodies are composed of independent experts of recognized competence in human rights, who are nominated and elected for fixed renewable terms of four years by State parties.

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Treaty bodies in action: an introduction

Download: video | video without subtitles | transcript

The human rights treaty body animated videos have been produced
with the financial support of the European Union.

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COVID-19 and human rights
Treaty bodies


Meetings of Treaty Bodies

In person meetings of treaty bodies disrupted due to covid-19 pandemic, check with the relevant committee webpage for update information

Information on upcoming remote sessions of the treaty bodies:
July and August 2021
May and June 2021
Team up Calendar (Read introductions)
January to April 2021

Remote sessions of the treaty bodies in 2020

Calendar of country reviews by treaty bodies

Individual complaints
Other resources