The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a unique process which involves a review of the human rights records of all UN Member States. The UPR is a State-driven process, under the auspices of the Human Rights Council, which provides the opportunity for each State to declare what actions they have taken to improve the human rights situations in their countries and to fulfil their human rights obligations.
As one of the main features of the Council, the UPR is designed to ensure equal treatment for every country when their human rights situations are assessed. The ultimate aim of this mechanism is to improve the human rights situation in all countries and address human rights violations wherever they occur. Currently, no other universal mechanism of this kind exists.
Latest press releases related to the UPR
UPR Practical Guidance In launching the Call to Action for Human Rights, on 24 February 2020, at the opening of the 43th session of the Human Rights Council, the UN Secretary-General stated that “new practical guidance to every UN country leader around the world to strengthen our platforms of cooperation to address human rights challenges utilizing the power and potential of the Universal Periodic Review” would soon be issued. A
UPR Practical Guidance, prepared by OHCHR, in consultation with the entire UN system, was finalised on
18 August 2020 and aims at providing advice on how UN entities at country level can engage in the UPR process to support progress by Member States on human rights and the SDGs, as well as on the prevention and sustaining peace agendas.
Tips for engagement at country level for NHRIs and NGOs
Virtual workshop for committees in charge of human rights of the Parliaments of the
Caribbean and Canada,
Africa and Europe, Members of the Commonwealth, organized by the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), the Commonwealth Secretariat (ComSec) and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, (13-14 July 2020)
Martin Chungong, IPU Secretary General
Michelle Bachelet, High Commissioner for Human Rights
Elisabeth Tichy-Fisslberger, HRC President
Regional Workshop on the UPR: Good practices, Follow-up Mechanisms and Synergies with the 2030 Agenda, Panama City. Panama (22-23 October 2019)
GA 74, Side event "Increasing parliaments' engagement with human rights" (14 October 2019)
Background information available in
Informal briefing for delegations:
Some UPR Good practices (videos):
Kindly note: the 36th session is postponed from May to November 2020 because of COVID-19. See
The third UPR cycle started on 1 May 2017.
See relevant third cycle documents, including:
Further information may be sought at the following address:
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