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Did you know the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is the most translated document in the world?
OHCHR and migration
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.
They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act
Towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth
In this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as
Race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion,
National or social origin, property, birth or other status. […]
Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Articles 1 and 2
UN General Assembly, 10 December 1948
Existing legal instruments provide a comprehensive legal framework for the governance of international migration. Well-defined rules address the treatment of a range of migrants including, among others: migrant women, men, children, refugees, stateless persons, migrant workers, and migrant victims of trafficking.
The bodies of international law which provide the basis for national migration laws, policies and practice include: international human rights law, international labour law and standards, international refugee law, international criminal law, international humanitarian law, international consular law, and international maritime law.
International human rights law (IHRL) lays down obligations which States are bound to respect. Unlike other bodies of law, which may only apply to specific groups or situations, international human rights law applies to all people at all times. This includes not only a State’s own citizens, but everyone within the State’s jurisdiction or effective control. This means that all migrants, regardless of their status, are entitled to the same international human rights as everyone else.
As with all rights-holders, States have an obligation to migrants to respect, protect, and fulfill their human rights.
Realizing human rights in migration policy also means incorporating certain cross-cutting human rights principles, including:
Through its support to States and to the various human rights mechanisms, OHCHR helps to identify good practices and policies that ensure human rights-based governance of international migration.