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News Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights

Ukraine: civilian casualty update 24 April 2023

25 April 2023

Date: 24 April 2023

From 24 February 2022, which marked the start of the large-scale armed attack by the Russian Federation, to 23 April 2023, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) recorded 23,015 civilian casualties in the country: 8,574 killed and 14,441 injured. This included:

  • 18,514 casualties (6,661 killed and 11,853 injured) in territory controlled by the Government when casualties occurred:
  • In Donetsk and Luhansk regions: 9,526 casualties (3,963 killed and 5,563 injured); and
  • In other regions1: 8,988 casualties (2,698 killed and 6,290 injured).
  • 4,501 casualties (1,913 killed and 2,588 injured) in territory occupied by the Russian Federation when casualties occurred:
  • In Donetsk and Luhansk regions: 3,003 casualties (663 killed and 2,340 injured); and
  • In other regions2: 1,498 casualties (1,250 killed and 248 injured).

OHCHR believes that the actual figures are considerably higher, as the receipt of information from some locations where intense hostilities have been going on has been delayed and many reports are still pending corroboration. This concerns, for example, Mariupol (Donetsk region), Lysychansk, Popasna, and Sievierodonetsk (Luhansk region), where there are allegations of numerous civilian casualties.

Civilian casualties from 1 to 23 April 2023(individual cases verified by OHCHR)

From 1 to 23 April 2023, OHCHR recorded 405 civilian casualties in Ukraine:

  • 104 killed (49 men, 28 women, 2 boys, 1 girl, as well as 24 adults whose sex is not yet known); and
  • 301 injured (101 men, 73 women, 6 boys, 2 girls, as well as 119 adults whose sex is not yet known).

This included:

  • 83 killed and 257 injured in 88 settlements in territory controlled by the Government when casualties occurred (84 percent of the total); and
  • 21 killed and 44 injured in 11 settlements in territory occupied by the Russian Federation when casualties occurred (16 percent of the total).

Per type of weapon/incident:

  • Explosive weapons with wide area effects: 101 killed and 268 injured (91 per cent);
  • Mines and explosive remnants of war: 3 killed and 33 injured (9 per cent).

The UN Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine

Since 2014, OHCHR has been documenting civilian casualties in Ukraine. Reports are based on information that the UN Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine (HRMMU) collected through interviews with victims and their relatives; witnesses; analysis of corroborating material confidentially shared with HRMMU; official records; open-source documents, photo and video materials; forensic records and reports; criminal investigation materials; court documents; reports by international and national non-governmental organisations; public reports by law enforcement and military actors; data from medical facilities and local authorities. All sources and information are assessed for their relevance and credibility and cross-checked against other information. In some instances, corroboration may take time. This may mean that conclusions on civilian casualties may be revised as more information becomes available and numbers may change as new information emerges over time. Statistics presented in the current update are based on individual civilian casualty records where the “reasonable grounds to believe” standard of proof was met, namely where, based on a body of verified information, an ordinarily prudent observer would have reasonable grounds to believe that the casualty took place as described.


Ukrainian and Russian language versions of this update as they become available, please visit this page.

[1] The city of Kyiv, and Cherkasy, Chernihiv, Ivano-Frankivsk, Kharkiv, Kherson, Kirovohrad, Kyiv, Mykolaiv, Odesa, Sumy, Zaporizhzhia, Dnipropetrovsk, Khmelnitskyi, Lviv, Poltava, Rivne, Ternopil, Vinnytsia, Volyn, and Zhytomyr regions.

[2] Chernihiv, Kharkiv, Kherson, Kyiv, Mykolaiv, Sumy, and Zaporizhzhia regions.

For more information and media requests, please contact

Liz Throssell + 41 22 917 9296 / [email protected] or
Ravina Shamdasani + 41 22 917 9169 / [email protected] or
Jeremy Laurence +  41 22 917 9383 / [email protected] or
Marta Hurtado - + 41 22 917 9466 / [email protected]

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