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Turkey: international experts warn against criminalizing independent medical care in emergencies

Criminalizing medical care

09 December 2013

GENEVA (9 December 2013) – The UN Special Rapporteur on the right to health, Anand Grover, and the World Medical Association (WMA) urged today the Turkish Grand National Assembly (Meclis) to reconsider a draft law that would criminalize the provision of medical care by qualified independent practitioners during emergencies after the arrival of a state ambulance.

“If adopted, Article 33 will have a chilling effect on the availability and accessibility of emergency medical care in a country prone to natural disasters and a democracy that is not immune from demonstrations,” Special Rapporteur Grover said.

“Enacting laws and policies criminalizing provision of medical care to people challenging State authorities, such as political protestors, will certainly deter healthcare workers from providing services due to fear of prosecution,” Grover warned, quoting his latest report* to the UN General Assembly on the enjoyment of the right to health in conflict situations. “Sanctioning such laws and policies will also discourage other segments of the population from seeking health services due to fear of being suspected in the involvement in protests,” he stressed.

“The mere presence of ambulances would be considered grounds not only to prevent emergency medical care by competent, independent physicians, but also to prosecute those medical responders up to three years of imprisonment and a hefty administrative fine for acting under the International Code of Medical Ethics to provide care to those in need,” the WMA’s Secretary General, Otmar Kloiber, underlined.
Dr. Kloiber pointed out that “in times of urgency, from earthquakes to floods to protests and demonstrations, the international standards for emergency medical care are based on the medical need of the wounded and sick rather than the presence of official medical transport.”

The two experts noted that international medical and human rights standards make it clear that it is a humanitarian duty of doctors, nurses, paramedics, and other health workers to give emergency care to those in need. “They must be able to carry out their professional responsibilities without interference or fear of reprisal,” they said.

The Special Rapporteur and the WMA had written individually to the Turkish Government expressing their grave concern about the requirements of Article 33 of the draft health bill. “Now we urge the Meclis to consider the right of the Turkish people to emergency care and ensure the respect for medical ethics and independence health workers in Turkey.”

“We hope parliamentarians will make the right call on the Article 33 and scrap it, as it should be,” the experts said.

The Special Rapporteur on the right to health, Anand Grover, is an independent expert appointed by the UN Human Rights Council to help States, and others, promote and protect the right to the highest attainable standard of health (right to health). Mr. Grover (India) is co-founder and Director of the Lawyers Collective HIV/AIDS Unit and the Senior Counsel in India. Learn more, log on to:

(*) Read the Special Rapporteur’s report on the right to health and conflict situations:

The World Medical Association (WMA) is the global federation of National Medical Associations representing the millions of physicians worldwide. Acting on behalf of patients and physicians, the WMA endeavours to achieve the highest possible standards of medical care, ethics, education and health-related human rights for all people. For more information, visit: 

UN Human Rights, Country Page – Turkey:

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Xabier Celaya, UN Human Rights – Media Unit (+ 41 22 917 9383 / [email protected])  

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