The OHCHR Guidance on Casualty Recording is the first United Nations publication on casualty recording methodology. It provides a “how to” guide for actors that are doing or considering establishing a casualty recording system, or that want to better understand what casualty recording is and its purpose. The Guidance aims at generating more casualty data and reporting, including for the purposes of the Sustainable Development Goals, in particular SDG indicator 16.1.2 on conflict-related deaths. The Guidance is based on a review of casualty recording practices within and outside the United Nations. The publication stresses the importance of a robust and transparent methodology, to ensure that the data and analysis are reliable and usable by different actors for a range of purposes.