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Independent Expert on sexual orientation and gender identity

Independent Expert on protection against violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity

Purpose of the mandate

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights, without distinction of any kind. Yet in all regions of the world, there are acts of violence and discrimination committed against individuals because of their sexual orientation or gender identity.  

To address this concern, the UN Human Rights Council created the mandate of Independent Expert on protection against violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity (also referred to as the Independent Expert on sexual orientation and gender identity, or the "IE SOGI").  

About the mandate

Created through Human Rights Council resolution 32/2 in June 2016 for an initial period of three years, the mandate was renewed in June 2019 under resolution 41/18 and in July 2022 under resolution 50/10.

Learn more about the mandate

Current mandate holder

Graeme Reid

Graeme Reid In late 2023, the United Nations Human Rights Council appointed Mr. Graeme Reid as UN Independent Expert on Protection against violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity for a three-year period starting on 1 November 2023. In this capacity, he assesses the implementation of international human rights law, raises awareness, engages in dialogue with all relevant stakeholders, and provides advisory services, technical assistance, capacity-building to help address violence and discrimination against persons on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity.

Read Graeme Reid’s full biography

Key Documents

Work Plan 2021-2023
PDF: English 

A Compendium on Comprehensive Sexuality Education (2023)

Right to health and SDG3 – key findings (2022)
PDF: English

Armed Conflict and Peacebuilding – key findings (2022)
PDF: English 

Reports on Gender: The law of inclusion & Practices of exclusion - key findings (2021)
PDF: English | Français (coming soon) | Español

  • Bodily Autonomy & Integrity
    PDF: English | Français (coming soon) | Español
  • Comprehensive sexuality education
    PDF: English | Français (coming soon) | Español

Impact of COVID-19 on LGBT persons – key findings (2020)
PDF: English | Français | Español | Portuguese Português

ASPIRE Guidelines on COVID-19
PDF: English | Français | Español | Portuguese Português

So-called conversion therapy practices – key findings (2020)
PDF: English | Français | Español | Portuguese Português

Socio-cultural and economic inclusion – key findings (2019)
PDF: English

Data collection and management – key findings (2019)
PDF: English

Gender identity – key findings (2018)
PDF: English

Contact Information

Graeme Reid, Independent Expert on sexual orientation and gender identity
OHCHR-UNOG
8-14 Avenue de la Paix
1211 Genève 10, Switzerland

Fax: (+41) 22 917 90 06
E-mail: [email protected] or [email protected]

Personal social media of the Independent Expert:
Facebook
Instagram
LinkedIn
X (Twitter)

Former mandate holder


Mr. Victor Madrigal-Borloz (Costa Rica)
January 2018 - October 2023

Mr. Vitit Muntarbhorn (Thailand) 
August 2016 - October 2017

Activities

Joint policy position on the participation of LGBT persons in cultural life, from the Special rapporteur and the Independent Expert on Protection Against Violence and Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity
27 October 2023

Joint Statement on LGBT Persons with Disabilities
24 October 2023

Statement of the IE SOGI during the Security Council’s Arria Formula Meeting on “Integrating the Human Rights of LGBT Persons into the Security Council’s Mandate for Maintaining International Peace and Security.”
20 March 2023
Watch the recording of the statement on UN Web TV.

See all

Videos

28 October 2022
GA Third Committee, Interactive Dialogue with the Independent Expert on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity (IE SOGI)
English

2 June 2020
Mandate and work of the Independent Expert explained in English, with subtitled versions
Watch the video (العربية | 中文 | English | Français | русский | Español)
Watch the short version (العربية | 中文 | English | Français | русский | Español)