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The Special Rapporteur undertakes country visits at the invitation of governments, with the aim of examining the situation relevant to his mandate, identifying good practice, and making recommendations to governments to improve the protection of the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.

Visits usually take place for up to 10 days, and the Special Rapporteur usually meets with heads of state, government ministers, law enforcement authorities, members of the legislative and the judiciary, representatives of independent human rights institutions, representatives of civil society, the media, and United Nations agencies, among others. The Special Rapporteur will usually begin a visit in the capital city, and then proceed to other cities or towns, as well as to rural areas of particular relevance to the mandate.

At the end of the visit, the Special Rapporteur holds a press conference during which he shares his preliminary observations and recommendations for the consideration of the government concerned and other stakeholders. The Special Rapporteur presents his final observations and recommendations to the Human Rights Council (in June every year) and may undertake follow-up to issues raised during the visit, as necessary.

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