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Women played a large part in drafting the UDHR
Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples
Under the basic principles of universality, equality and non-discrimination, Indigenous Peoples are entitled to the full range of rights established under international law. Their equal worth and dignity must be assured both through individual and collective rights. This has led to the development of a specific body of international instruments to recognise and protect the rights of Indigenous Peoples.
Human Rights Council resolution 51/16 requests the Special Rapporteur:
In carrying out these different activities, the Special Rapporteur is also requested to pay a special attention to the human rights and fundamental freedoms of, inter alia, Indigenous children, women, young persons, older persons, persons with disabilities and persons in vulnerable situations and to mainstream a gender perspective into the performance of the mandate, as well as to consider relevant recommendations of world conferences, summits and other United Nations meetings and the recommendations, observations and conclusions of the treaty bodies. The Special Rapporteur is requested to submit a report on the implementation of his/her mandate to the Human Rights Council and the General Assembly in accordance with its annual programme of work.
The resolution renewing the mandate also requested the Special Rapporteur to participate in relevant international dialogues and policy forums on the rights of Indigenous Peoples and related issues, including on the consequences that climate change has for Indigenous Peoples, to undertake thematic research and to develop cooperative dialogue with States, intergovernmental organizations, civil society and other stakeholders on effective and sustainable practices and possible solutions.
As part of his mandate, the Special Rapporteur conducts studies on issues or themes that are of concern to indigenous peoples across borders and regions of the world. Thematic studies are helpful in identifying major issues and for providing recommendations for subsequent positive practical action and reform. Past thematic studies have included examination of the following topics, among others:
Undertaking thematic studies frequently involves the organization of consultations and the participation in conferences or symposiums on specific human rights issues.
The Human Rights Council has directed the Special Rapporteur to “identify… and promote best practices.” In this regard, the Special Rapporteur has focused on working to advance legal, administrative, and structural reforms at the domestic level to implement the standards of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and other relevant international instruments. Such national reforms are long and complex and require a strong commitment, both financial and political, on the part of Governments.
In working towards the promotion of good practices, the Special Rapporteur engages in the following types of activities: