Skip to main content

International standards on trafficking in persons

Special Rapporteur on trafficking in persons, especially women and children

Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and other relevant conventions and treaties

Main human rights instruments

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

Convention against Torture

Convention against Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination

Convention on the Rights of the Child

Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

The Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of, the Slave Trade and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography 

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict

OHCHR Guidelines

Recommended Principles and Guidelines on Human Rights and Human Trafficking (henceforth the “Guidelines”) developed by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

International Criminal Law and International Humanitarian Law

The Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949

The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

International Labour Office (ILO) Conventions

ILO Conventions No. 29

No. 105 on Forced or Compulsory Labour

ILO Convention 182 on the Worst Form of Child Labour

Regional instruments

Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings

ASEAN Convention Against Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children

Declaración interamericana para enfrentar la trata de personas, Declaración de Brasilia, 2014

Inter-American Principles on the human rights of all migrants, refugees, stateless persons and victims of human trafficking

Inter-American Convention on the prevention, punishment and eradication of violence against women “Convention of Belem Do Para”

Protocol to the African Charter on human rights and peoples’ rights on the rights of women in Africa