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CRPD Independent Monitoring Mechanisms (IMM) Repository

Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

Independent Monitoring Frameworks (IMM) are official state bodies with permanent status established by Article 33(2) of the CRPD, which requires each State to maintain, strengthen, designate, or establish a domestic framework for promoting, protecting, and monitoring the implementation of the Convention.

Article 33 (2) provides for an institutional structure constituted of one or more entities. Independent Monitoring Frameworks may be constituted of one entity referred to as an IMM which bears sole monitoring responsibility (the so-called single-agent model). Other Monitoring Frameworks have two or more entities bearing shared responsibilities for implementing Article 33(2) of the Convention (the so-called multi-agent model). In jurisdictions where they exist, National Human Rights Institutions most often constitute and or form part of IMM. Other entities that may become part of IMM include legislative committees, Ombuds, and organizations of persons with disabilities. 

For more information on the IMMs and their role, review OHCHR’s practical guide on “Implementing the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: The Role of Independent Monitoring Mechanisms”

There are currently 186 State Parties to the CRPD, of which 37 have designated their IMM. The information contained on this repository has been provided by the States through a survey. States wishing to update, edit or create a profile on this repository should contact: [email protected].

Acknowledgement: OHCHR gratefully acknowledges the financial support from the United Nations Partnership on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Fund (UNPRPD FUND) towards the development of this repository. The views and positions expressed on the OHCHR website do not necessarily reflect those of, nor do they carry endorsement by, the UNPRPD Fund.

List of designated IMM under CRPD art. 33 (2) by regions and countries

African States

CountryDate of CRPD ratificationIMM NameIMM Type
Angola

13-Jul-01

National Council for Social Action [Conselho Nacional da Acção Social (CNAS)]Equality body
Burkina Faso

23-Jul-09

National Multisectoral Council for the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (COMUD/Handicap)New established entity
Djibouti

18-Jun-12

National Commission for Human Rights (CNDH)National Human Rights Institution
Morocco

08-Apr-09

The National Mechanism for the Protection of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities of the National Human Rights CouncilNational Human Rights Institution
Nigeria

30-Mar-07

National Commission for Persons with DisabilitiesNew established entity
Tunisia

02-Apr-08

The High Committee for Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms [Le Comité Supérieur des Droits de l'Homme et des Libertés Fondamentales]National Human Rights Institution

Asia-Pacific States

CountryDate of CRPD ratificationIMM NameIMM Type
Bahrain

30-Jun-22

The Higher Committee for the Care of Persons with DisabilitiesNew established entity
Jordan

31-Mar-08

The National Centre for Human Rights HCDOther entity. National Centre for Human Rights (HCD) and NCHR
Kuwait

14-Feb-13

National Office for Human RightsNational Human Rights Institution
Oman

15-Nov-08

Oman Human Rights CommissionNational Human Rights Institution
Sri Lanka

08-Feb-16

National Council for Persons with DisabilitiesOther
Thailand

29-Jul-08

National Committee on Persons with DisabilitiesNational Human Rights Institution

Eastern European States

CountryDate of CRPD ratificationIMM NameIMM Type
Bulgaria

26-Jan-12

Monitoring CouncilNew established entity
Estonia

30-May-12

Office of the Chancellor of JusticeOmbudsperson entity
Latvia

01-Mar-10

Ombudsman of the Republic of Latvia (Ombudsman)Ombudsperson entity
Lithuania

27-May-10

Monitoring Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities under the Office of the Equal Opportunities OmbudspersonEquality body
Poland

06-Sep-12

Commissioner for Human RightsNational Human Rights Institution
Slovakia

25-Jun-10

Commissioner for Persons with DisabilitiesOmbudsperson entity
Ukraine

16-Dec-09

Ukrainian Parliament Commissioner for Human RightsOmbudsperson entity

Latin America and the Caribbean States

CountryDate of CRPD ratificationIMM NameIMM Type
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

15-Apr-09

Ombudsman's OfficeNational Human Rights Institution
Cuba

06-Sep-07

National Commission for the follow-up and monitoring of the implementation of the provisions of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities [Comisión Nacional para el seguimiento y monitoreo de la aplicación de las disposiciones de la Convención sobre los Derechos de las Personas con Discapacidad]New established entity
Dominican Republic

28-Dec-06

Commissioner for Human RightsOmbudsman Entity
Ecuador

03-Apr-08

Ombudsman's OfficeOmbudsperson entity
Guyana

10-Sep-14

The National Commission on DisabilityEquality body

Western European and other States

CountryDate of CRPD ratificationIMM NameIMM Type
Andorra

11-Mar-14

Ombudsman Andorra [Raonador del Ciutadà]Ombudsperson entity
Finland

11-May-16

Finland’s National Human Rights Institution (NHRI)National Human Rights Institution
Germany

24-Feb-09

National CRPD Monitoring Mechanism [Monitoring-Stelle UN-Behindertenrechtskonvention]National Human Rights Institution
Israel

28-Sep-12

The Commission for Equal Rights of Persons with Disabilities, Ministry of JusticeEquality body
Luxembourg

26-Sep-11

The Consultative Commission on Human Rights and the Center for Equal TreatmentThe CCHR (NHRI), the ombudsperson entity and the CET (Equality Body) work together.
Malta

10-Oct-12

Commission for the Rights of Persons with Disability (CRPD) Equality body
New Zealand

25-Feb-08

The Independent Monitoring Mechanism, comprising of three parties: the Disabled Persons Organizations (DPO) Coalition, the Human Rights Commission and the Office of the OmbudsmanNational Human Rights entity, Ombudsperson entity, and a coalition of Disabled Persons Organisations
Norway

03-Jun-13

Equality- and anti-discrimination OmbudOmbudsperson entity
Portugal

23-Sep-09

National Mechanism for Monitoring the Implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities  [Mecanismo Nacional de Monitorização da Implementação da Convenção das Nações Unidas sobre os Direitos das Pessoas com Deficiência]New established entity
Türkiye

30-Mar-07

Human Rights and Equality Institution of TürkiyeNational Human Rights Institution
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

08-Jun-09

United Kingdom Independent Mechanism (UKIM)National Human Rights Institution

Others

CountryDate of CRPD ratificationIMM NameIMM Type
European Union

23-Dec-10

EU-level Framework Required by Article 33.2 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with DisabilitiesThe EU monitoring framework for the implementation of the CRPD consists of four members: between the European Ombudsperson, the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (a body that to a certain degree resembles an independent human rights institution), Committees of the European Parliament and an umbrella NGO, the European Disability Forum, specialised on disability issues.
State of Palestine

01-Apr-14

Palestinian General Federation for People with Disabilities - Independent Commission for Human RightsThe General Union of Persons with Disabilities - The Independent Commission for Human Rights

Note: If you wish to rectify or provide more information regarding your IMM, please contact [email protected]

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