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Comentarios sobre la legislación y la política

Relatora Especial sobre la promoción y protección del derecho a la libertad de opinión y de expresión

En esta página, el Relator Especial de la ONU sobre la promoción y protección del derecho a la libertad de opinión y de expresión comparte todos los comentarios sobre leyes, reglamentos y políticas nacionales que el mandato proporciona a los Estados y a las empresas privadas. El mandato proporciona regularmente comentarios sobre la adecuación de los desarrollos normativos y políticos a las normas internacionales sobre el derecho a la libertad de opinión y de expresión.

A continuación se presenta una lista de las cartas relativas a las normas enviadas desde 2011 y las respuestas recibidas.

Todos los comentarios enviados desde 2011 listados por país

Argelia

  • 27/12/2021 - Commentaires et suggestions à propos de certains textes de loi en rapport avec le domaine sécuritaire et la lutte antiterroriste – DZA 12/2021

Azerbaiyán

  • 10/12/2012 – Enmiendas a la Ley de Libertad de Reunión, al Código de Infracciones Administrativas y al Código Penal. - AZE 5/2012

Argentina

  • 26/04/2018 – proyecto de ley por el que se regula la responsabilidad de los intermediarios de Internet - OL ARG 1/2018

Australia

  • 3/12/2019 - Ley de Enmienda de Delitos Sumarios y Otra Legislación 2019 que fue aprobada por el Parlamento de Queensland el 24 de octubre de 2019 - AUS 8/2019
  • 04/04/2019 - Enmienda al Código Penal sobre el intercambio de contenidos violentos aborrecibles, AUS 5/2019
    • Respuesta del Gobierno: 23/09/2019
  • 11/09/2018 - Proyecto de ley de modificación de las telecomunicaciones y otra legislación (asistencia y acceso) de 2018 – AUS 5/2018
  • 15/02/2018: Presentación a la convocatoria de la Comisión Parlamentaria Mixta de Inteligencia y Seguridad sobre el proyecto de ley de modificación de la legislación de seguridad nacional (espionaje e injerencia extranjera) de 2017 – AUS 2/2018
  • 12/02/2016 - Enmiendas al código penal "Proyecto de ley de prevención de actividades ilícitas" en el estado de Australia Occidental – AUS 1/2016
  • 04/09/2014 - Draft Workplaces (Protection from Protestors) Bill - AUS 3/2014

Austria

  • 24/08/2021 – Comentarios sobre la Ley Antiterrorista - AUT 2/2021

Bahrein

  • 08/05/2023 – Comentarios sobre la Ley nº (58) de 2006 relativa a la protección de la sociedad frente a actos terroristas y la Ley de ciudadanía bahreiní de 1963, modificada en 2014 y 2019.BHR 2/2023
  • 14/08/2013 - Enmiendas a la Ley antiterrorista nº 58 - BHR 5/2013

Bangladesh

  • 28/08/2023 - Proyecto de Ley de Ciberseguridad aprobado por el Consejo de Ministros el 7 de agosto de 2023 - BGD 7/2023
  • 06/02/2023 – Comentarios sobre la Normativa de la Comisión Reguladora de las Telecomunicaciones para plataformas digitales, medios sociales y OTT. – OL BGD 2/2023
  • 14/05/2018 – Proyecto de Ley de Seguridad Digital – OL BGD 4/2018
  • 12/12/2014 - Política nacional de radiodifusión 2014- BGD 5/2014
  • 02/07/2014 - Última versión del proyecto de Ley de Regulación de Donaciones en el Extranjero (Actividades Voluntarias) de 2014 - BGD 3/2014
  • 29/10/2013 - Amended Information and Communication Technology Act - BGD 11/2013
  • 23/10/2012 - Foreign Donations Regulation draft law- BGD 7/2012

Belarús

  • 23/12/2022 - Enmiendas a la ley nº 136-Z "Sobre la ciudadanía de la República de Belarús" – 9/2022

Bolivia

  • 30/10/2014 - Reglamento parcial 1987 de la Ley 351 de Otorgación de Personalidades Jurídicas - BOL 3/2014

Bosnia y Herzegovina

  • 10/03/2023 – Enmiendas a la penalización de la difamación - OL BIH 1/2023

Brasil

  • 15/6/2021 - Comments on the amendment and expansion of anti-terrorism laws - BRA 6/2021
  • 3/7/2020 - draft bill on "Freedom, Responsibility and Transparency on the Internet" - BRA 6/2020
  • 13/04/2017 - The federal "School Without Party Programme" bills, PL 867/2015 and PL 193/2016 - OL BRA 4/2017
  • 28/10/2015 - Draft terrorism legislation, Law no.101/2015 – BRA 8/2015

Brunei Darussalam

Burkina Faso

  • 18/9/2020 - loi N°044-2019 qui modifie le Code pénal du Burkina Faso - BFA 2/2020

Burundi

  • 18/02/2013 - Draft law modifying Law No. 1/025 (Regulating the press) - BDI 1/2013

Camboya

  • 03/04/2018 – "Draft minimum wage law" – KHM 3/2018

Camerún

  • 08/01/2014- Law 962 on Counter-terrorism – CMR 2/2014

Canadá

  • 17/04/2018 - Comments on the telecommunications and entertainment industry coalition's application to the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission pursuant to sections 24, 24.1, 36 and 70(1)(a) of the Telecommunications Act 1993 to "disable on-line access to piracy sites" – CAN 1/2018
  • 20/04/2016 – Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement – CAN 1/2016
    • Respuesta del Gobierno: 02/05/2016 and 14/06/2016
  • 24/05/2012 - Law regarding the settlement of the city of Montreal and law No. 78 - CAN 1/2012

Chile

  • 20/04/2016- Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement – CHL 2/2016
  • 23/01/2012 - Proyecto de Ley que Fortalece el Resguardo del Orden Público - CHL 1/2012
  • 02/11/2012 - Proyecto de Ley que Fortalece el Resguardo del Orden Público - CHL 5/2012

China

  • 25/07/2023 - Comentarios sobre el Documento de Consulta Pública y Propuestas Específicas sobre la Regulación de las Actividades de Crowdfunding ("Propuesta") publicado en diciembre de 2022 por la Oficina de Servicios Financieros y del Tesoro de la Región Administrativa Especial de Hong Kong. Región Administrativa Especial (“HKSAR”) - CHN 12/2023
  • 1/9/2020 - Comentarios sobre la Ley de la República Popular China para salvaguardar la seguridad nacional en la Región Administrativa Especial de Hong Kong ("Ley de seguridad nacional") - CHN 17/2020
  • 19/6/2020 - proposed changes to the Hong Kong SAR's legal system and enforcement mechanisms proposed in the Draft National Security Law - CHN 13/2020
  • 23/4/2020 - comments on the United Nations (Anti-Terrorism Measures) Ordinance, Cap. 575 ("Anti-Terrorism Law") and Crimes Ordinance, Cap. 200, Sections 9 and 10 ("Sedition Law") - CHN 7/2020
  • 1/11/2019: comments on the effect and application of the Counter-Terrorism Law and its Regional Implementing Measures, the 2016 Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region Implementing Measures of the Counter-Terrorism Law of the People's Republic of China - CHN 18/2019
  • 12/11/2018 – Regulation on de-extremification – OL CHN 12/11/2018
  • 04/08/2015 - Draft law on Cyber-Security – CHN 7/2015
  • 16/04/2015 - Draft Law on Overseas NGOs –CHN 2/2015

Costa Rica

  • 7/10/2019 - Proyecto de Ley para Brindar Seguridad Jurídica sobre la Huelga y sus Procedimientos - CRI 5/2019

Cuba

  • 20/10/2021 - “Decreto de Ley No. 35 sobre las telecomunicaciones, las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación y el uso del espectro radioeléctrico” – CUB 6/2021
  • 12/6/2019 - Decreto 349 sobre "Contravenciones de las regulaciones en materia de política cultural y sobre la prestación de servicios artísticos" - CUB 2/2019

República Democrática del Congo

  • 19/6/2019 - Proposition de Loi Relative à la Protection et à la responsabilité du Défenseur des Droits Humains - COD 4/2018
  • 15/11/2017 – Draft bill on the regulation of NGOs – COD 2/2017

Dinamarca

  • 08/12/2023 – Comentarios sobre la Ley de modificación del Código Penal (Prohibición del tratamiento indebido de escritos con un significado religioso significativo para una comunidad religiosa reconocida) - DNK 1/2023
  • 7/6/2021 – Comentarios sobre el proyecto de ley "Seguridad para todos los daneses - DNK 3/2021

Ecuador

  • 11/1/2019 - Legislación que modifica la Ley Orgánica de Comunicación – OL ECU 1/2019
  • 11/12/2018 – Proyecto de Ley Orgánica de Organizaciones sin Fines de Lucro – OL ECU 5/2018
  • 14/10/2016 – Ley Orgánica de Comunicación de su país, y los efectos adversos a la libertad de expresión y de opinión que resultan de su puesta en práctica - OL ECU (6.2016)
  • 19/07/2012 – Proyecto de Ley Orgánica de Comunicación - ECU 1/2012

Egipto

  • 28/2/2020 – concerning the Anti-Terrorism Law, Protest Law, Association Law, and NGO law - EGY 4/2020
  • 09/08/2018 - Amendments to the Press and Media Law – EGY 13/2018
  • 19/08/2015 - Law on censorship of artistic works and on artistic expression – EGY 9/2015
  • 12/06/2015- Implementation of NGO- Law – EGY 10/2015
  • 14/01/2014 - Draft of the new Constitution as approved by the Egyptian Constituent Assembly - EGY 1/2014
  • 12/02/2013 - Two draft laws on associations and on assembly - EGY 4/2013

El Salvador

  • 30/11/2021 - Proyecto de Ley de Agentes Extranjeros – SLV 8/2021

Etiopía

  • 19/6/2019 – Comments on the Proclamation to Provide for the Prevention and Suppression of Terrorism 2019 - ETH 3/2019

Francia

  • 26/5/2021 – Comments on the draft law to strengthen respect for the principles of the Republic (« projet de loi confortant le respect des principes de la République ») – FRA 4/2021
  • 12/11/2020 – Comments on bill on global security (« proposition de loi n° 3452 relative à la sécurité globale ») – FRA 4/2020
  • 20/8/2019 – Draft law on online hate speech ("proposition de loi visant à lutter contre les contenus haineux sur Internet") – OL FRA 6/2019
  • 28/05/2018 – Draft bills on "fake news" – FRA 5/2018
  • 28/12/2015 - Law no.2015/1556 on surveillance of international electronic communication, and law on state of emergency – FRA 7/2015
  • 03/02/2015- Law no.2014-1353 on counter-terrorism – FRA 1/2015

Gambia

  • 16/07/2013 – Amendments on the Information and Communication Act - GMB 1/2013

Alemania

Ghana

  • 9/8/2021 - Promotion of Proper Human Sexual Rights and Ghanaian Family Values Bill, 2021 -
    GHA 3/2021
  • 19/10/2020 – Proposed Public University Bill 2020 - GHA 1/2020

Guatemala

  • 21/2/2020 - Ley No. 5257 que dispone aprobar reformas al Decreto No. 02-2003 sobre Organizaciones no Gubernamentales para el Desarrollo - GTM 2/2020
  • 22/03/2018 – Iniciativa de Ley 5266 para reformar el Código Penal de Guatemala - GTM 3/2018
  • 10/03/2014 – Iniciativa de Ley para la Circulación por Carreteras Libres de Cualquier Tipo de Obstáculos - GTM 1/2014

Haiti

  • 6/8/2021: Commentaires et suggestions à propos du Décret portant sur la création, l’organisation et le fonctionnement de l’agence nationale de renseignements et du Décret pour le renforcement de la sécurité publique - HTI 2/2021

Honduras

  • 12/12/2019 - una moción presentada el 15 de octubre ante el Congreso Nacional de Honduras, y el posible impacto en la labor de las personas defensoras de derechos humanos en el marco del contexto actual de crisis migratoria en Centro y Norte américa - HND 6/2019
  • 07/06/2018 - iniciativa legal sobre ciberseguridad y medidas de protección ante los actos de odio y discriminación en internet y redes sociales - HND 6/2018

Hungría

India

  • 08/08/2023 – Comments on the counter-terrorism legislative and regulatory framework applicable to Jammu and Kashmir since the abrogation in August 2019 of its special autonomous status pursuant to Article 370 of the Indian Constitution - IND 6/2023
  • 11/6/2021 - Comments on the Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021 – IND 8/2021
  • 6/5/2020 - concerning the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act 2019 (the amended Act) - IND 7/2020
  • 27/5/2019 - Follow-up letter with the regard to the ongoing process of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) update in the State of Assam - IND 11/2019
  • 14/02/2019 – The Information Technology [Intermediaries Guidelines (Amendment) Rules] 2018 – IND 3/2019

Indonesia

  • 31/08/2012 - Bill on Societal Organizations - IDN 11/2012

Iran

  • 21/10/2021 – Comments on the Bill to “Protect the Rights of Users in Cyberspace and Organize Social Media” – IRN 29/2021
  • 17/2/2020 - concerning discrimination on the grounds of religion in the application process for national identity cards in the Islamic Republic of Iran - IRN 1/2020

Irlanda

Israel

  • 5/5/2022 - Counter-Terrorism Law 5776-2016 and related regulations and orders – ISR 6/2022
  • 29 /4/2022 – Comments on the new “Procedure for Entry and Residency of Foreigners in Judea and Samaria Region” – ISR 7/2022
  • 03/03/16 – Draft legislation "Transparency Law" –ISR 1/2016

Italia

  • 20/03/2018 – "red button" operational protocol for the "Fight Against the Diffusion of Fake News through the Web", announced on 18 Enero 2018 - ITA 1/2018

Japón

  • 20/04/2016 – Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement – JPN 2/2016
  • 19/11/2013 - Draft Special Secrets Bill – JPN 1/2013

Jordania

Kazajistán

  • 07/11/2018 – Draft law on distribution of information related to LGTBI – OL KAZ 5/2018
  • 06/10/2015 and 15/10/2015- Draft law on activities of Non-Governmental Organizations – KAZ 3/2015 and KAZ 4/2015

Kenia

  • 26/07/2017 - Guidelines for Prevention of Dissemination of Undesirable Bulk Political SMS and Social Media Content via Electronic Communications Networks - OL KEN 10/2017
  • 18/12/2014 - Draft Security Laws Bill –KEN 7/2014
  • 15/11/2013 – Bill amending two Acts: the Public Benefits Organizations Act and the National Youth Council Act– KEN 8/2013

República de Kirguistán

  • 02/10/2023 –Draft Law “On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Kyrgyz Republic” (Law of the Kyrgyz Republic “On Non-Commercial Organizations” and the Criminal Code of the Kyrgyz Republic - KGZ 4/2023
  • 20/06/2023 – Draft Law on Mass Media - KGZ 3/2023
  • 6/1/2022 - Amendments to the Law on Non-Commercial Organizations – KGZ 5/2021
  • 06/05/2014 – Draft Bill "On the formation of a positive attitude toward non-traditional forms of sexual relations" – KGZ 1/2014
  • 23/09/2014 – Amendments to the laws governing non-profit organizations – KGZ 5/2014
  • 30/09/2013 – Draft law on "Non-commercial organizations fulfilling the role of foreign agents" – KGZ 2/2013

República Democrática Popular de Laos

  • 06/05/2016 - Decree on Press Activities of Foreign Media, International Organizations and Diplomatic Missions – LAO 2/2016
  • 29/05/2015 - Draft decree on Associations and Foundations –LAO 1/2015
  • 07/11/2014 - Decree No. 327 on Internet-Based Information Control/Management – LAO 1/2014

Letonia

  • 24/9/2019 – concerning regulation on pre-school education No. 716, which appears to impose restrictions on the use of minority languages in pre-school educational institutions - LVA 1/2019
  • 15/04/2016 – Draft legislation amending criminal law provisions on national security – LVA 1/2016

Líbano

  • 26/06/2023 – Modifications apportées par l’Ordre des avocats de Beyrouth au chapitre six du Code de déontologie des avocats - LBN 3/2023

Libia

  • 31/03/2022 – Comments on the Anti-Cybercrime Law – LBY 3/2022
  • 09/01/2013 – Law no. 65/2012 regulating peaceful protests – LBY 3/2012

Malaysia

  • 25/03/2021 - concerning the enactment of The Emergency (Essential Powers) (No. 2) Ordinance 2021 (‘The Ordinance’) which criminalises “fake news” regarding the Covid-19 pandemic and “fake news” regarding the emergency proclamation – OL MYS 5/2021
  • 28/12/2018 – Proposed and adopted legislation in the area of sedition, press freedom, defamation, "fake news", etc. – OL MYS 6/2018
  • 5/07/2018 – Communications and Multimedia Act and the Malaysia Communications and Multimedia Commission Act – MYS 2/2018
  • 3/04/2018 – "Anti-Fake News" Bill – MYS 1/2018
  • 20/04/2016 – Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement – MYS 5/2016
  • 23/12/2014 – Implementation of Sedition Act – MYS 8/2014
  • 01/10/2014 - Sedition Act of 1948– MYS 6/2014

Maldivas

  • 19/5/2020 - regarding the proposed and adopted legislation in the areas of press freedom, defamation, censorship, blasphemy laws, freedom of association and peaceful assembly, and protection of journalists and human rights defenders - MDV 1/2020
  • 26/05/2016 – Draft law on "Protection of Reputation and Good Name and Freedom of Expression Bill" – MDV 1/2016

Mauritania

  • 24/01/2018 - Law against discrimination - MRT 5/2017
  • 14/05/2018 – Article 306 of the Penal Code mandating death penalty for blasphemy – MRT 1/2018
  • 07/08/2015- Adoption of law on associations –MRT 3/2015

México

  • 8/8/2019 – sobre el decreto 115, el cual modifica el Código Penal del Estado de Tabasco y mediante el cual se estarían penalizando conductas que podrían ser una expresión legitima del derecho a la libertad de reunión pacífica y de asociación, a la libertad de expresión y del derecho a defender los derechos humanos - MEX 11/2019
  • 12/11/2018 – Ley de Seguridad Interior – OL MEX 16/2018
  • 20/04/2016- Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement – MEX 3/2016
  • 18/08/2014 - Decreto N ° 159 que modifica e introduce nuevas disposiciones a la Ley Orgánica de la Procuraduría General de Justicia – MEX 15/2014

Montenegro

  • 02/03/2015 - Fast-tracked adoption of revised Public Assembly Act –MNE 1/2015

Mozambique

Myanmar

  • 19/06/2014- Draft bill on Religious Conversion – MMR 4/2014
  • 18/03/2013 - Decree on the Right to Peaceful Assembly and Peaceful Procession – MMR 1/2013

Nicaragua

  • 13/07/2023 - Ley Especial 1145, la Ley 1055, y las reformas al artículo 21 de la Constitución - NIC 1/2023
  • 5/5/2022 - Ley General de Regulación y control de Organismos sin Fines de Lucro (la "Ley de OSFL") – NIC 1/2022
  • 13/11/2020 - Ley de Regulación de Agentes Extranjeros y la Ley Especial de Ciberdelito – NIC 3/2020

Nepal

  • 11/07/2018 - National Integrity and Ethics Policy 2074 (Policy) – NPL 1/2018
  • 24/07/2015 - Draft Constitution – NPL 1/2015

Nueva Zelanda

  • 19/01/2022 - Concerning the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Act 2021 – NZL 1/2021

Nigeria

  • 18/07/2014 and 10/02/2016 - Draft Act to Regulate the Acceptance and Utilization of Financial/Material Contribution of Donor Agencies to Voluntary Organizations and for Matters Connected Therewith – NGO 4/2014 and NGA 1/2016
  • 13/06/2013 - Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill – NGA 4/2014 and NGA 1/2016

Omán

  • 26/03/2018 - Royal Decree No. 7/2018 amending the Penal Code – OMN 1/2018

Pakistán

  • 19/3/2020 - Preliminary analysis of the Citizens Protection (Against Online Harm) Rules, 2020 - PAK 3/2020
  • 08/07/2016 – "Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act" - PAK 8/2016
  • 14/12/2015 - Draft Cyber-Crime Bill – PAK 13/2015
  • 07/03/2014 - Foreign Contributions Bill – PAK 3/2014

Palestina

Paraguay

  • 25/09/2017 - Regulación de la Activación del Servicio de Telefonía Móvil - PRY 1/2017

Perú

  • 22/7/2020 - Comentarios sobre el Decreto Ley No. 25475 - PER 3/2020
  • 20/04/2016 - Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement – PER 2/2016
  • 30/07/2015 - Adoption of Resolutions no.085-2015 and no.097-2015 modifying directives regulating associations – PER 2/2015

Filipinas

  • 29/6/2020 - Comments on 'The Anti-Terrorism Act of 2020' - PHL 4/2020

Polonia

  • 23/04/2018 – Comments on the law 'On specific solutions related to the organization of sessions of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in the Republic of Poland' - OL POL 3/2018
  • 13/02/2018 - Act of 26 January 2018 amending inter alia, the Act on the Institute of National Remembrance - Commission for the Prosecution of Crimes against the Polish Nation - POL 2/2018

Qatar

  • 14/04/2020 - concerning criminal penalties for spreading "fake news" online, which may unduly restrict freedom of expression - QAT 1/2020

República de Corea

  • 27/08/2021 – Comments concerning amendments to the Act on Press Arbitration and Remedies for Damage caused by Press Reports - KOR 4/2021
  • 28/11/2019 - Preliminary reactions to the Act on Transfer to and Performance of Alternative Military Service (the draft bill) - KOR 4/2019
  • 7/11/2018 – Decision of the Supreme Court on conscientious objection – OL KOR 4/2018

República de Moldova

  • 29/07/2013 - Law n°117 completing the Contravention Code – MDA 4/2013

Rumanía

  • 11/9/2020 - proposed bills that reportedly (i) prohibit sexual education unless there is parental written consent, and (ii) impose a blanket ban on a discussion regarding "gender theory or opinion" in Romanian educational establishments – ROU 3/2020

Federación de Rusia

  • 27/10/2023 – Comments on the Federal Law No. 35-Fz of 6 March 2006 on Counteraction Against Terrorism, the Federal Law N 157-FZ of 28 April 2023 introducing life imprisonment for treason and the Draft Law “On amending article 1 of the federal law 'On the territorial jurisdiction of district (fleet) military courts” - RUS 26/2023
  • 1/05/2019 – Amendments to the law on "Information, Information Technologies and Information Protection" and Amendments to the "Code of Administrative Offenses on the distribution of foreign print media" – OL RUS 4/2019
  • 5/02/2018 – Amendments to Foreign Agents Media Law – RUS 2/2018
  • 28/07/2016 – "Yarovaya Law" – RUS 7/2016
  • 20/06/2014 – Law on Non-commercial Organizations which Carry Functions of Foreign Agents - RUS 5/2014
  • 18/12/2013 – Law on Introducing Amendments to Legislative Acts (in part regulating Activities of Non-Commercial Organizations which Carry Functions of Foreign Agents) - RUS 13/2013
  • 13/06/2013 – Law on Introducing Amendments to Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation ( Regulating Activities of Non-commercial Organizations which Carry Functions of Foreign Agents) - RUS 3/2013
  • 16/06/2012 – Law introducing amendments to : the Code on Administrative Violations, and Federal Law on Assemblies, Meetings, Demonstrations, Processions and Picketing - RUS 4/2012
  • 11/07/2012 – Draft law on Introducing Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation Regarding the Regulation of Activities of Non-commercial Organizations Performing the Functions of Foreign Agents – RUS 5/2012
  • 12/12/2012 – Draft federal law No. 44554-6 introducing amendments to the Code on Administrative Offences - RUS 8/2012

Sierra Leona

  • 22/02/2018 – New policy on NGO regulation – SLE 1/2018

Singapore

  • 8/12/2021 - Comments on the Foreign Interference (Countermeasures) Bill – SGP 1/2021
  • 24/04/2019 - Protection from Online Falsehoods and Manipulation Bill, SGP 3/2019

Sudán del Sur

  • 29/07/2015 – Entry into-force of Non-Governmental Organizations Bill – SSD 1/2015
  • 23/10/2014 – Non-Governmental Organizations Bill - SSD 1/2014
  • 04/12/2013 – Non-Governmental Organization Bill – SSD 1/2013

España

Sri Lanka

  • 20/11/2023 – Comments on the Online Safety Act and Broadcasting Regulatory Commission Act - LKA 9/2023
  • 28/04/2023 - Anti-Terrorism Act (ATA) - LKA 4/2023
  • 9/12/2021 - Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act – LKA 7/2021
  • 9/8/2021 - Concerns about the adoption and implementation of a recent regulation, titled ‘Prevention of Terrorism (De-radicalization from holding violent extremist religious ideology) Regulations No. 01 of 2021’ - LKA 3/2021

Sudán

  • 15/08/2013 - Amendments to the Legislation on the Armed Forces - SDN 6/2013

Suecia

  • 24/07/2023 - Comments to the Bill 2022/23:73 concerning special criminal provisions for participation in a terrorist organization - SWE 2/2023

Suiza

  • 3/3/2022 – Commentaires sur « Loi sur les banques » - CHE 1/2022
  • 26/5/2020 - Commentaires et suggestions à propos du projet de loi sur les mesures policières de lutte contre le terrorisme - CHE 1/2020

Tayikistán

  • 23/01/2023 - Law on Combating Terrorism – TJK 5/2022
  • 03/05/2016 - Law on Public Associations – TJK 2/2016
  • 03/12/2014 - Amendments to Law on Public Associations - TJK 6/2014

Tailandia

  • 20/12/2021 – Concerning amendments to the Anti-Money Laundering Act (AMLA) and the Communicable Diseases Act (CDA) – THA 7/2021
  • 16/09/2021 - Draft Act on the Operation of Not-for-Profit Organizations – THA 5/2021
  • 26/03/2021 – Draft Laws aimed at providing oversight of not-for-profit organisations in Thailand – THA 2/2021
  • 12/11/2014 – Draft Public Assembly Act - THA 12/2014
  • 14/12/2012 – Law on 'lèse majesté'- THA 13/2012

Países Bajos

  • 14/10/2016: Provisions on lese majesty in the Dutch Criminal Code - NLD (2/2016)

Togo

  • 13/08/2021 – Commentaires concernant l’avant-projet de loi relatif à la liberté d’association - TGO 3/2021
  • 11/9/2019 - projet de loi modifiant la loi du 16 mai 2011 fixant les conditions d'exercice de la liberté de réunion et de manifestation pacifiques et publiques - TGO 1/2019

Túnez

  • 23/01/2023 - décret-loi No. 2022-54 relatif à la lutte contre les infractions relatives aux systèmes d’informations et de communication – TUN 8/2022
  • 8/12/2022 - Commentaires sur le décret-loi no 2022-55 du 15 septembre 2022 (ci-après, « décret-loi ») portant révision de la loi organique no 2014-16, relative aux élections, et au référendum – TUN 7/2022
  • 19/4/2022 – Révision du décret-loi n° 2011-88 du 24 septembre 2011, portant sur l’organisation des associations – TUN 4/2022
  • 26/8/2019 - projet de loi n ° 91-2018, qui vise à modifier la législation tunisienne en matière d'état d'urgence - TUN 4/2019
  • 24/07/2015 – Draft law no.2015-22 on counter-terrorism – TUN 1/2015
  • 21/11/2012 – New constitution - TUN 5/2012

Turquía

  • 26/08/2020 - Anti-Terror Law No. 3713 ("Anti-Terror Law") and the amendments made to this law and the Penal Code through Law No. 7145 adopted on 31 July 2018 - TUR 13/2020

Uganda

  • 04/02/2014 – Revised version of the Anti-Homosexuality Bill - UGA 1/2014
  • Respuesta del Gobierno: 21/02/201421/02/2013 – Draft on (anti) homosexuality legislation- UGA 6/2012
  • 15/06/2012 – Public Order Management Bill - UGA 4/2012
  • 17/12/2013 - Public Order Management Act-UGA 1/2013

Ucrania

  • 09/06/2015 - Adoption of Parliament Resolution requesting derogation from certain rights protected by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the European Convention on Human Rights – UKR 1/2015
  • 16/11/2015 - Decree banning journalists and bloggers from reporting in the country on grounds of "threats to national security" – UKR 6/2015

Emiratos Árabes Unidos

  • 13/11/2020 - 2014 Law No. 7 On Combatting Terrorism Offences (Law 7) – ARE 6/2020
  • 07/11/2013 – Implementation of the new law on Cyber Crime - ARE 5/2013
  • 04/12/2012 – Federal Legal Decree No. 5/2012, amending the 2006 Cybercrime Law - ARE 8/2012

Reino Unido de Gran Bretaña e Irlanda del Norte

  • 12/12/2023 – Comments on the Economic Activity of Public Bodies (Overseas Matters) Bill – GBR 19/2023
  • 22/12/2022 – Comments on the Public Order Bill – GBR 16/2022
  • 14/03/2022 – Comments on the Online Safety Bill – GBR 5/2022
  • 25/05/2021 – Comments on the proposed Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Bill – GBR 7/2021
  • 17/07/2018 – Counter Terrorism and Border Security Bill – GBR 6/2018
  • 9/01/2017 - Digital Economy Bill – GBR 1/2017
  • 06/10/2016 - Joint letter with the OSCE on media freedom in the UK - GBR 3/2016
  • 28/07/2016 - Detention Services Order 04/2016 "Detainee Access to the Internet" - GBR 2/2016
  • Respuesta del Gobierno: 12/10/16 and 20/10/16
  • 22/12/2015 - Draft "Investigatory Powers Bill" - GBR 4/2015

República Unida de Tanzania

  • 16/11/2020 - concerning several provisions of the "Electronic and Postal Communications (online content) Regulations, 2020 - TZA 4/2020
  • 26/10/2018 – Draft amendments to the Statistics Act - TZA 4/2018

Estados Unidos de América

  • 24/10/2023 – Comments on article 6 of chapter 11 of the State of Georgia’s Criminal Code outlawing “domestic terrorism,” which entered into force in July 2017, amending title 16 of the Georgia Code (GA C) - USA 27/2023
  • 19/3/2020 - Comments concerning the Eliminating Abusive and Rampant Neglect of Interactive Technologies ("EARN IT Act of 2020") Bill - USA 4/2020
  • 8/11/2019 - Preliminary reactions to the draft U.S. Government Guidance for the Export of Hardware, Software and Technology with Surveillance Capabilities and/or parts/know-how - USA 23/2019
  • 14/02/2019 – proposed law "S.1—Strengthening America's Security in the Middle East Act of 2019" – USA 2/2019
  • 18/05/2018 - Department of State proposal to require travellers' social media information - USA 9/2018
  • 24/08/2017 - Federal Communications Commission's Notice of Proposed Rulemaking - USA 20/2017
  • 9/05/2017 - Intensified screening of travellers at the US border based on their religious affiliation - USA 6/2017
  • 1/05/2017 - Intensified social media screening of travellers at the US border - USA 7/2016
  • 27/03/2017 - Draft bills on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and freedom of expression - USA 3/2017
  • 30/09/2016 - Proposal to request travellers' social media information on immigration forms - USA 9/2016.
  • 20/04/2016 – Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement – USA 4/2016

Uruguay

  • 8/6/2020 - proyecto de "Ley de Urgente Consideración" - URY 2/2020

Uzbekistán

  • 29/7/2021 – Comments on the 2021 “On Freedom of Conscience and Religious Organisations” Act - UZB 4/2021

Venezuela

  • 21/09/2023 - Proyecto de Ley de fiscalización, regularización, actuación y financiamiento de las organizaciones no gubernamentales (ONGs) y afines - VEN 2/2023
  • 19/11/2021 - Proyecto de Ley de Cooperación Internacional relativas al registro, control y financiamiento de las organizaciones no gubernamentales sin fines de lucro (ONG) – VEN 8/2021
  • 1/01/2018 - "Ley contra el Odio, por la Convivencia Pacífica y la Tolerancia" ("Ley contra el Odio") – VEN 9/2017
  • 4/06/2016 - "Decreto No. 2.323 publicado en la Gaceta Oficial No. 6.227 el 13 de Mayo de 2016" - OL VEN 7/2016
  • 20/02/2015- Ministerial Resolution 008610 regulating freedom of association – VEN 1/2015

Viet Nam

  • 18/09/2023 - Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (2013), the Criminal Code (2015), the Press Law (2016), the Access to Information Law (2016), and the Cybersecurity Law (2018), as well as Decree 72/2013/ND-CP on “management, provision, and use of internet services and information content online”, Decree 15/2020/ND-CP on “penalties for administrative violations against regulations on postal services, telecommunications, radio frequencies, information technology and electronic transactions”, Decree 119/2020/ND-CP on “penalties for administrative violations in journalistic and publishing activities”, Decree 53/2022/ND-CP on “elaborating a number of articles of the law on cybersecurity of Vietnam”, Decree 13/2023/ND-CP on “protection of personal data”, and draft amendments to the Telecommunication Law (2009) - VNM 6/2023
  • 10/12/2021 - Decree 80/2020/ND-CP and Decree 56/2020/ND-CP regulating the activities and funding of national and international NGOs and Prime Minister’s Decision 06/2020/QD-Ttg regulating the organization of international conferences and seminars – VNM 7/2021
  • 20/04/2016 – Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement - VNM 2/2016
  • 01/10/2013 - Decree on the Management, Provision, Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (known as "Decree 72") - VNM 7/2013

Zambia

  • 20/04/2021 – Comments on the Cyber Security and Cyber Crimes Law - ZMB 1/2021

Zimbabwe

  • 16/08/2023 - Comments on the Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Amendment Act (no. 10 of 2023) - ZWE 1/2023
  • 20/12/2021 - Comments on the “Private Voluntary Organisations Amendment Bill, 2021” – ZWE 3/2021

All comments sent to private companies since 2011

Apple

  • 4/08/2017 - Removal of VPN applications from Apple Store in China - OTH 16/2017

Facebook/Meta

  • 05/07/2023 – Comment on the procedure followed to implement Meta’s policy on cases relating to online gender-based violence - OTH 90/2023
  • 1/05/2019 - Oversight Board for Content Decisions – OTH 24/2019

Facebook Oversight Board

  • 9/9/2021 - Public Comment by UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Opinion and Expression Irene Khan on Facebook Oversight Board Case no. 2021-009

ICANN

  • 20/12/2019 - regarding the proposed transfer by the Internet Society (ISOC) of the Public Interest Registry (PIR) and all its assets to a private equity firm, Ethos Capital - OTH 60/2019

NSO Group

  • 20/2/2020 - Preliminary reactions to the Human Rights and Whistleblower policies that NSO Group published in September 2019 - OTH 2/2020
  • 18/10/2019 - Preliminary reactions to the Human Rights and Whistleblower policies that NSO Group published in September 2019 - OTH 52/2019

TikTok

  • 15/5/2020 - TikTok's proposal to create a committee of experts to address the company's content moderation policies - OTH 37/2020

Twitter

  • 10/12/2018 - Action against Twitter users for postings related to Kashmir – OTH 70/2018

All comments sent to international organizations since 2011

Committee on NGOs of the Economic and Social Council

  • 4/01/2018 - Denial of consultative status to non-governmental organization – OTH 29/2017
    ECOSOC reply: 17/01/2018
  • 5/04/2017 - Working methods to grant consultative status to non-governmental organizations - OTH 5/2017
    ECOSOC reply: 24/4/2017

European Union

  • 21/10/2021 - regarding the counter-terrorism agenda entitled “A Counter-Terrorism Agenda for the EU: Anticipate, Prevent, Protect, Respond” and the Proposal for Amending Regulation (EU) 2016/794 – OTH 229/2021
  • 3/11/2020 - draft Regulation on preventing the dissemination of Terrorism Content Online' – OTH 73/2020
  • 7/12/2018 - Proposal for a Regulation on preventing the dissemination of terrorist content online – OTH 71/2018
  • 13/06/2018 – draft directive on copyright in the digital single market OTH 41/2018

United Nations Secretary-General

Amicus Curiae

The Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression publishes third-party interventions, amicus curiae and expert opinion before domestic, regional and international courts in cases relating to freedom of opinion and expression.

The following list provides third-party interventions sent since 2016 by the UN Special Rapporteur:

European Court of Human Rights

Date: 16 September 2019
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Case: Privacy International and Others v. the United Kingdom, Application no 46259/16
Intervention as filed

Date: 3 June 2019
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Case: Big Brother Watch v. the United Kingdom (Grand Chamber), Applications nos. 58170/13, 62322/14 and 24960/15
Intervention as filed

Date: 21 September 2018
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Case: Emin Huseynov v. Azerbaijan, Application no. 1/16
Intervention as filed

Date: 11 Enero 2018
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Case(s): OOO Flavus v. Russia, Application no. 12468/15 and four related Applications (nos. 20159/15, 23489/15, 19074/16 and 61919/16)
Intervention as filed

Date: 20 October 2017
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Case(s): Atilla Taş v. Turkey (no. 72/17); Ahmet Hüsrev Altan v. Turkey (no. 13252/17) Mehmet Hasan Altan v. Turkey (no. 13237/17) Ahmet Şık v. Turkey (no. 36493/17); Şahin Alpay v. Turkey (no. 16538/17); Mehmet Murat Sabuncu and others v. Turkey (no. 23199/17) Murat Aksoy v. Turkey (no. 80/17); Ayşe Nazli Ilicak v. Turkey (no. 1210/17); Ali Bulaç v. Turkey (no. 25939/17); Ilker Deniz Yucel v. Turkey (no. 27684/17)
Intervention as filed

Date: 13 Enero 2016
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Case: Azerbaijan v. Khadija Rovshan Gizi Ismayilova, App No. 30778/15
Intervention as filed

Inter-American Court of Human Rights

Date: 9 August 2017
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Case(s): Case of Nelson Carvajal Carvajal vs. Colombia, case no. 12.462
Declaration as filed

League of Arab States

  • 23/06/2023 – Comments on the normative and practical frameworks of the Arab Interior Ministers’ Council (AIMC) of the League of Arab States (LAS) - OTH 71/2023

Otros

Date: 11 January 2022
Court: Constitutional Court of Colombia
Case: In the matter of the Constitutional challenge to article 224.2 of law 559 of 2000
Expert opinion

Date: 6 October 2021
Court: Community Court of Justice of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
Case: SERAP vs Nigeria (Twitter case)
Amicus Brief

Date: 9 May 2017
Court: Constitutional Court of the Republic of Korea
Case(s): Application No. 2016Heonma388
Third party intervention submission as filed (English)
Third party intervention submission as filed (Korean)

Date: 31 October 2016
Court: United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
Case(s): Kidane v. Ethiopia
Brief of UN Special Rapporteurs on freedom of expression, freedom of assembly and association, and the situation of human rights defenders as filed
Motion for leave to file brief amici curiae as filed

Date: 18 May 2016
Court: Community Court of Justice of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
Case: Federation of African Journalists et al. v. Gambia, ECW/CCJ/APP/36/15
Affidavit as filed

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